Will Fat Injections Work for HIV-Related Cheek Hollowing (Atrophy)?
Q: I am HIV positive as well as a diabetic with deflated cheeks. Do you think transferring fat from my own body to my face will work?
A: Facial lipoatrophy is a common sequelae from the antiviral medications used in the treatment of HIV. Often this loss of fat is quite severe with the skin literally be right down on the bone with loss not only of the buccal fat but loss of the subcutaneous fat as well. When the condition is this severe, the concept of injectable fillers must be looked at very carefully. While fat injection transfer can clearly be done, the question is will it work long-term. How much of the injected fat will survive? The HIV patient on antivirals poses an additional variable to the biology of injected fat which is already challenged in the variability of its survival. Will the same medications that caused the fat atrophy to begin with do the same to the injected fat? No one knows with absolute certainity.
For these reasons, I prefer an additional approach to just injected fat for this cheek lipoatrophy. I like to place a submalar implant on the lower edge of the cheekbone and then cover this with an internally placed dermal-fat graft. Then injected fat can be placed subcutaneously throughout the cheek and lateral facial areas as an additional outer layer. This is a good way to hedge your bet so to speak by at least having some type of cheek augmentation that you can be assured will have stable volume preservation.
Dr. Barry Eppley